Gout is the breakdown of the metabolic process of controlling the amount of uric acid that goes into your blood. It is a kind of arthritis that leads to sore, taut and inflamed joints. It can occur in any joint of your body but mostly occurs in the big toe.
The breakdown leads to an uncontrolled amount of uric acid that flows into your blood. This leads to formation of needle-like crystals in your joints. This has an inflammatory effect on the affected joint and leads to pain and stiffness.
Gout symptoms do not last long and usually go away within 3 to 10 days. If the attack recurs, it may happen in a period of a few months, years or may not recur at all. The frequency and severity of attacks will increase with time also increasing the duration of attacks. Recurring gout attacks have adverse effects which damage affected joints and its surrounding areas.
CAUSES OF GOUT
People are often bogged down by occurrence of gout as they are not clear about the causes of this disease. Primarily and most simply, the cause of gout is related to one’s way of life and one’s diet. Genetic factors also affect occurrence of this disease but in a minor way. If you are affected by this disease, your children and grandchildren have a higher tendency of getting it.
Hyperuricemia is the basic cause of gout. It is a condition which arises from having higher levels of uric acid in your blood for years. Usually, uric acid is dissolved in your blood and is passed from the kidneys. But sometimes the body produces very high levels of uric acid or the kidneys excrete very low levels of uric acid in urine. This leads to a buildup of uric acid in your blood which forms crystals in your joints and surrounding tissues.
Hyperuricemia often shows no symptoms but leads to an increasing risk of gout attacks and other diseases which include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and kidney disease.